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Tóm tắt ngữ pháp thì quá khứ tiếp diễn
Trước khi luyện tập, bạn học hãy cùng Monkey ôn tập thì quá khứ tiếp diễn qua phần tóm tắt ngữ pháp gồm: công thức, cách dùng và dấu hiệu nhận biết cơ bản.
S + was/were + V-ing
S + not + was/were + V-ing
Was/ Were + S + V-ing ?
WH-word + was/ were + S + V-ing?
S + was/ were + V-ing +…
Diễn tả 1 hành động, sự việc đang xảy ra tại 1 thời điểm trong quá khứ.
Diễn tả hành động xảy ra đồng thời trong quá khứ.
Diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra thì có hành động, sự việc khác xen vào.
Đề cập hành động được lặp lại nhiều lần trong quá khứ và làm phiền hoặc khiến người khác khó chịu.
Dấu hiệu nhận biết
Một số dấu hiệu nhận biết thì quá khứ tiếp diễn thông qua cụm trạng từ và từ chỉ thời gian:
At + giờ + thời gian trong quá khứ. (at 8p.m yesterday,…)
At this time + thời gian trong quá khứ. (at this time last week, at the moment last month,…)
In + năm (in 2019, in 2020)
In the past.
When (khi) khi diễn tả hành động xen vào.
While (trong khi) khi nói về hành động xảy ra song song.
Bài tập thì quá khứ tiếp diễn có đáp án
Trong phần này, bạn học hãy cùng thử sức với chuỗi bài tập về thì quá khứ tiếp diễn gồm 2 cấp độ cơ bản và nâng cao. Sau khi hoàn thành, bạn hãy đối chiếu đáp án cuối bài nhé!
Bài tập về thì quá khứ tiếp diễn cơ bản (Beginner)
Bài 1: Chọn từ thích hợp và cho dạng đúng để hoàn thành câu
Yesterday at noon….
1. I ___________ a film.
2. My father ___________ a bath.
3. You ___________ English.
4. The crows ___________ .
5. Sara ___________ chess.
6. The duck ___________ .
7. It ___________ .
8. We ___________ to music.
9. A butterfly ___________ .
10. Carol and Jim ___________
Bài 2: Hoàn thành câu với Was/ Were?
When my dad arrived…..
1. I ___________ riding my bike.
2. The mechanic ___________ repairing the car.
3. You ___________ sleeping in your bedroom.
4. The children ___________ playing tennis.
5. My mum ___________ reading a book.
6. The cat ___________ chasing a mouse.
7. It ___________ snowing a lot.
8. The birds ___________ singing.
9. Lucy ___________ talking on the phone.
10. The dogs ___________ running.
Bài 3: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc
1. When I phoned my friends, they (play) _____________ monopoly.
2. Yesterday at six I (prepare) _____________ dinner.
3. The kids (play) _____________ in the garden when it suddenly began to rain.
4. I (practice) _____________ the guitar when he came home.
5. We (not / cycle) _____________ all day.
6. While Alan (work) _____________ in his room, his friends (swim) _____________ in the pool.
7. I tried to tell them the truth but they (not / listen) _____________ .
8. What (you / do) _____________ yesterday?
9. Most of the time we (sit) _____________ in the park.
10. I (listen) _____________ to the radio while my sister (watch) TV.
11. When I arrived, They (play) _____________ cards.
12. We (study) _____________ English yesterday at 4:00 pm.
Bài 4: Viết hoàn thành câu cho đúng
Yesterday at 6 pm your family were doing different things. Write positive sentences in past progressive.
1. My mother / read / a novel
2. My father / watch / a movie
3. My elder sister / writing / in her diary
4. My two brothers / listen / to the radio
5. My little sister and I / not / watch / a movie
6. We / talk / about school
Bài 5: Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc
1. The girls _____________ (play) cards.
2. Greg _____________ (look) for his wallet.
3. Mr Miller _____________ (not wash) his car.
4. Susan _____________ (do) her homework.
5. They _____________ (not play) football yesterday afternoon.
6. I _____________ (wait) for her in the park.
7. Carol and I _____________ (have) dinner when he arrived.
8. We _____________ (play) the guitar when she entered.
9. Tom _____________ (not swim) in the pool.
10. The boys _____________ (cycle) home from school.
11. She _____________ (work) in her office.
12. I _____________ (not study) the new words.
13. Ann _____________ (lie) on the beach.
14. We _____________ (sit) on the bench for a long time.
15. He _____________ (phone) his aunt.
Bài tập thì quá khứ nâng cao với QKTD và QKĐ (Intermediate & Advanced)
Bài 6: Hoàn thành câu với từ gợi ý
1. When I __________ to school, I __________ John. (walk/see)
2. When I __________ in the kitchen, Mary __________ . (help/come)
3. While she __________ the soup, the children __________ . (cook/play)
4. While they __________ cards, the baby __________ . (play/sleep)
5. When I __________ in the garden, my uncle __________ . (work/call)
6. Carol __________ TV while Bob and Peter __________ football. (watch/play)
7. When she __________ her hair, the baby __________ to cry. (wash/begin)
8. A strong wind __________ when the plane. (blow/land)
9. When she __________ tennis, it __________ to rain. (play/began)
10. When I __________ TV, the lights __________ out. (watch/go)
11. While he __________ the piano, she __________ to him. (play/listen)
12. While she __________ up her room, he __________ his car. (tidy/wash)
13. The boys __________ in the garden while she __________ the flowers. (help/water)
14. He __________ Mary when he __________ through the park. (meet/walk)
15. We __________ computer games while she __________ a book. (play/read)
16. They __________ (have) tea when the doorbell __________ (ring).
17.Father __________ (smoke) his pipe while mother __________ (read) a magazine.
18. While he __________ (mow) the lawn, it __________ (start) to rain.
19. He __________ (have) breakfast when the toaster __________ (blow) up.
20. When I __________ (come) into the office, my boss __________ (wait) for me.
21. When we __________ (see) Brian, he __________ (drive) a taxi.
22. Father __________ (wait) in the car while mother __________ (do) the shopping.
23. When he __________ (arrive), we __________ (have) dinner.
24. While they __________ (play) chess, we __________ (go) shopping.
25. They __________ (have) a party while he __________ (sleep).
26. He __________ (take) a photo when I __________ (feed) the ducks.
27. They __________ (play) football when the lights in the stadium __________ (go) out.
28. While George and John __________ (clean) their room, she __________ (do) the ironing.
29. Sam __________ (do) the ironing when Jack __________ (phone) her.
30. We __________ (wait) at Victoria station when the train __________ (arrive).
Bài 7: Điền từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống
It was Sunday afternoon. I ________ (1) a cookery program on TV when I ________ (2) how hungry I was. But of course I was hungry; I ________ (3) anything since lunch, and I ________ (4) a race in the morning. “Biscuits!” I ________ (5). My mother ________ (6) me a jar of delicious home-made biscuits. I ________ (7) into the kitchen, ________ (8) the fridge and ________ (9) some milk in a big glass. Then I ________ (10) for the kitchen chair but it ________ (11) there: somebody ________ (12) it away. And there were no biscuits in the biscuit jar: somebody ________ (13) them all! I was sure I ________ (14) the jar there the previous day, and I ________ (15) only one cookie. It was very strange. A few minutes later, I ________ (16) my glass of milk when I ________ (17) a loud noise coming from the dining room. I ________ (18) there quickly and I ________ (19) the door. I couldn’t believe my eyes. An enormous monkey ________ (20) the biscuits excitedly on the kitchen chair.
1. A. had watched B.watched C. was watching
2. A. realised B. was realising C. had realised
3. A. hadn’t eaten B. was eating C. ate
4. A. was running B. had run C. ran
5. A. had thought B. thouhgt C. was thinking
6. A. had given B. was giving C. gave
7. A. was going B. had gone C. went
8. A. was opening B. had opened C. opened
9. A. was pouring B. had poured C. poured
10. A. was looking B. had looked C. looked
11. A. wasn’t being B. hadn’t been C. wasn’t
12. A. was taking B. took C. had taken
13. A. ate B. had eaten C. was eating
14. A. was putting B. had put C. put
15. A. was eating B. had eaten C. ate
16. A. was drinking B. drank C. had drunk
17. A. heard B. was hearing C. had heard
18. A. was going B. went C. had gone
19. A. was opening B. had opened C. opened
20. A. ate B. had eaten C. was eating
Bài 8: Hoàn thành đoạn văn với các từ gợi ý
This story is based on true events that _______ (happen) many, many years ago in Scotland. One day, Mr Clark _______ (walk) home with a smile on his face. He _______ (carry) something very valuable in his hand: tickets for a long, long journey.
After many years working and saving, Mr Clark _______ (save) all the money he needed to take all his family to the United States. Earlier that afternoon he _______ (buy) all the tickets that now he _______ (hold) in his hand. It was the opportunity of their lives. “The United States of America,” he repeated aloud just to see how nice it _______ (sound) in his ears.
A few days before their departure, Mr Clark’s son _______ (play) in the street when a dog _______ (bite) him. The doctor _______ (go) to their home and _______ (treat) the child’s wound. Then he _______ (hang) a yellow sheet on their front door. That yellow sheet meant that they _______ (just/be) quarantined. They _______ (have) to stay at home for two weeks because of the possibility of rabies.
Five days later, Mr Clark was at the docks. He _______ (leave) the house and now he _______ (watch) their ship leave to the United States without him or his family. When the ship _______ (disappear) in the horizon, he _______ (stand up) and _______ (go) back home, crying.
A few days later, the tragic news spread throughout Scotland - the mighty Titanic _______ (sink), taking hundreds of lives with it.
Đáp án bài tập về thì quá khứ tiếp diễn
1. My mother was reading a novel.
2. My father was watching a movie.
3. My elder sister was writing in her diary.
4. My two brothers were listening to the radio.
5. My little sister and I were not watching a movie.
6. We were talking about school.
Tổng hợp ngữ pháp và bài tập thì quá khứ tiếp diễn trên đây sẽ giúp bạn nắm chắc kiến thức thì này nếu rèn luyện thường xuyên. Hãy thực hành thật nhiều và theo dõi các bài học tiếp theo của Monkey để tiến bộ hơn nhé!
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